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Both the SAT and ACT are the standardized tests and both tests are the factor of admission process of higher education. The following chart illustrates the major comparison among the SAT and ACT:
|Held during the year||Seven times per year||Six times per year|
|Test Structure||Ten-section exam: 3 Critical Reading, 3 Math, 3 Writing, and 1 Experimental.||Four-section exam: English, Math, Reading, and Science Reasoning.|
|Test content||Math: Basic geometry and Algebra II.
Reading: Sentence completions, Critical reading passages, Reading comprehension.
Writing: 1 essay, Grammar, Usage, and Word choice.
|Math: Up to Trigonometry.
Science: Charts, Experiments.
Reading: Passages, Prose Fiction, Social Science, Humanities, and Natural Science.
English: Emphasis on Grammar.
|Length||3 Hours 45 Minutes||3 Hours 25 Minutes (Includes optional 30-minute Writing test).|
|Wrong answers penalty||Yes||No|
|Test scoring||200-800 per section. Cumulative score of 2400.||1-36 for each subject averaged for a composite score.|
|Scores sent to schools||Yes. The scores are sent to every School the student lists.||No. There is a "Score Choice" option. Students can choose which schools will receive their scores AND which scores the schools will see.|
|Scores' used for other purposes||Scholarship.||Scholarship purposes. Certain statewide testing programs.|
|Registration time||At least six weeks before the test date.||At least four weeks before the test date.|